What is a Sitemap? How to Create a Sitemap?

What is a Sitemap? How to Create a Sitemap?
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When in a new city, to find a specific location and avoid getting lost, a map application is usually used. Just like that, Google needs a map to see all the pages on your website without getting lost. Therefore, you need to help it by creating a sitemap. This way, Google will know which pages are on your site and can index them in the search engine.

In this article, we will provide you with information about sitemaps and discuss how search engines can more accurately and thoroughly crawl your webpage and place it higher in the search results.


What is a Sitemap?

A sitemap is essentially a resource you create to facilitate the discovery of your site by search engines. It’s all about providing the search engine crawlers with the information they need to understand your website. The more they crawl your site, the higher your chances of ranking at the top. Sitemaps also help you understand the structure of your website, making navigation easier.


Why Use a Sitemap?

Sitemaps are particularly useful for new pages with few backlinks or pages without internal links. Without links, it can be difficult for search engine bots to find your pages, or if internal linking is incorrect, important pages may be omitted during the crawling process. Additionally, having an XML sitemap is essential for good SEO.

A good sitemap acts as a roadmap, allowing search engines to instantly find all the important pages of your website, regardless of any internal linking structure.


Types of Sitemaps

Sitemaps are prepared in two formats. The first, a user sitemap (HTML), helps users navigate by listing important areas and content and linking to them. The other, XML files, or sitemaps for search engines, help search engines crawl the website more efficiently by providing additional information.

XML sitemaps are the most commonly used type. They are intended for search engines and are not understandable by users, making them specifically designed for search engines. There are also many extensions to help gain more information about the content in an XML sitemap. The main types of XML sitemaps include video, Google News, image, and mobile sitemaps.


How to Create a Sitemap?

When creating a sitemap, you first need to determine the URLs you want to appear in the search engine. Then, depending on the architecture and size of your site, decide on the sitemap format you want to use.


Creating a Text File Sitemap

Creating a text file involves manually applying the syntax in text editors. The primary source for the standard sitemap protocol is “”. Due to its complexity and time-consuming nature, XML files are now more commonly used, especially for larger websites.


Creating an XML Sitemap Using a Content Management System

If you’re using a Content Management System like WordPress, your sitemap is automatically created. You can also create your sitemap using plugins within the system or through the “” website. After obtaining your sitemap file, you need to upload it to your website’s file server.

Finally, you should add your sitemap to the “robots.txt” file and submit it to webmaster tools.


Things to Consider When Creating a Sitemap

  • Your XML file can be up to 50 MB and contain up to 50,000 URLs.
  • If your site contains more URLs, divide them into multiple files.
  • Save the text file in UTF-8 format.
  • To make the most effective use of your sitemap, place your file (sitemap.xml) in the root directory of your project.
  • Do not include anchor links in your sitemap. Use mandatory tags like <loc> within the URL.
  • Use each page you add to the XML sitemap only once.
  • Optimize your main site navigation to enhance user experience in the HTML sitemap.

In conclusion, although sitemaps have been used for a long time, they remain an important resource for SEO today. Your website should have a sitemap for its continuity. You can also contact CRM Media, which offers professional services, to create a sitemap and receive consultancy services, thereby continuously increasing the value of your brand.

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